Papers, ca. 1840-1865, ca. 3000 items, photographs.

A pillar of Philadelphia society and the APS, Foulke’s papers are quite diverse and include Arctic material related to Kane and Hayes in particular.

Box 1 has file labeled “Catalogue of Books Read” by me from October 1834 to July 1845. An extensive list of perhaps 20 pages with a preamble about his reading experience of retaining and forgetting what he has read, and by a number of signs he tries to indicate the degree of recollections of his reading.

There is also a “Commonplace Book” of Foulke’s in this box.

Foulke to Frederick E. Church May 10 & 17 1862, on getting Church’s picture of Hayes’ dog into a Philadelphia exhibit: All who have seen it admire it greatly. Your ice-summits are much praised. Your dog will be a favorite. [Foulke says he also has a water-color of Dr. Hayes winter quarters.]

Henry Grinnell to Foulke, NY 18 March 1861, Suspicions about Hayes’ Surgeon when they returned to U.S. Discovered by McClintock in Greenland that the surgeon had stolen valuable specimens. A Greenland official also loaned a Book to the Surgeon who denied having it, but when his box was opened and the Book found therein. Also has folder labeled “Arctic Expedition.”

Box 3 : Hayes letter reporting back from Upernavik in August 1860, writing to four men, presumably supporters of his expedition, mainly on his easy and successful trip north.

Note says Hayes wrote a eulogy for Kane, Oct. 1859?

Fine Preface to Hayes “An Arctic Boat Journey in the Autumn of 1854”—never published.

File 2 has draft letter by Hayes to Ticknor and Fields dated Jan 23, 1860, with critical commentary on McClintock’s book. London Times May 28, 1867 on awarding the RGS gold medal to Isaac Hayes: In the meantime, the unpretending volume of Dr Hayes, entitled the Open Polar Sea, was written in such a clear, manly, and attractive style as must make it popular among all readers in the British Islands and America.

Box 6 : Arctic Expedition Party, Oct. 1853 – Oct. 1854. Has partial transcript of John Wall Wilson diary of this expedition, Oct. 1853 – Oct 1854, in Hayes hand and excerpting sections critical of Kane:

p 1: Kane doesn’t give enough food for health. May 17 1854: I never saw so troublesome a man in my life…. I hardly think judging from what they say there is a man in the ship fore or aft who would mourn much if he was to kick the bucket today. Penciled p. 49?

In 1854 Kane amputated two of Hayes’ toes, p. 30: There is not a well man among us. All, have, more or less of Scurvy & Rheumatism.

Same section, in a cleaner and clearer hand: Wilson remains very critical of Kane: …I never was more deceived with a man in my life than in Dr. Kane. He is a perfect wolf in sheep’s clothing.

Feb. 26 [1853] p. 5: This being Sunday (we hardly know it from any other day for men and officers are both at work almost all day) at 7 o’clock in the evening Dr Kane read some prayers and a chapter from the Bible as he always does. After which cards and chess are prepared and accepted. Cards having the preference.

Kane is characterized as peevish, quick-tempered, and nasty.