p. 75: Barents did all he could to keep up the morale of his flock. By the flickering bear-oil lamp he read them Mendoza’s History and Description of the Great Chinese Empire. Seated in a circle around the smoking fire, their backs frozen, the men listened to their chief, the ‘scholar’ who would one day get them out of the spot they were in. 
When their camp was discovered in 1871: They also found navigational instruments (including a cross-staff), three books [a translation of a Spanish work on navigation by Medina, a Dutch chronicle, and Mendoza’s History of China] and the Dutch translation of Pet’s and Jackman’s logbook. They were surprised to discover in a chest various religious images with which it was doubtless intended to redeem the pagan souls of Cathay.
p. 87: Thomas James expedition of 1631 had with them “the geographical documents of Hakluyt and Samuel Purchas, as well as all the most recent mathematical books.” [Luke Foxe “published an account of his voyage , which many consider an authentic masterpiece of Arctic literature.”
p. 94, Bering in Okhotsk and Siberia in late 1720s: A mass of assistants were prepared for their tasks, among them interpreters speaking Greek and Chaldean. A vast library had been selected: Gulliver’s Travels and Robinson Crusoe were both in it.
p. 99, re. Captain James Cook’s trip in the Endeavour in 1769(?): …the ship’s library would have made many a scientist turn pale with envy.
p. 107: It was on August 1, 1785, that La Perouse sailed from Brest with the Boussole and the Astrolabe, two barges…remarkably well fitted out; Cook might have dreamed of their sumptuous chart rooms, their laboratories and their twelve-hundred-volume library.
p. 121, notes Parry’s literacy classes and the North Georgia Gazette.
p. 154: Franklin’s great expedition was a failure, but a glorious failure…. At the time of the disappearance of the Erebus and the Terror, the sale of books of adventure and books on polar exploration increased tenfold; shopwindows took Voyages to the Far North as their theme, and the most incredible rumors went around….
p. 157-8, Nares for his 1875 expedition: The Geographical Society presented Nares with a volume containing papers on Arctic geography and ethnology, while the Royal Society prepared a digest on various branches of science connected with the regions to be visited.